A DWI court is a distinct post-conviction court system dedicated to changing the behavior of the alcohol-dependent repeat offender arrested for driving while impaired (DWI). The goal of the DWI court is to protect public safety by using the drug court model to address the root cause of impaired driving: alcohol and other drugs of abuse. Variants of DWI courts include drug courts that also take DWI offenders, which are commonly referred to as “hybrid” DWI courts or DWI/drug courts. (Loeffler & Huddleston, 2003). DWI courts often enhance their close monitoring of offenders using home and field visits, as well as technological innovations such as Ignition Interlock devices and the SCRAM transdermal alcohol detection device (Harberts & Waters, 2006).
10 Guiding Principles for DWI Courts
Mission statement, goals and objectives
Target population, eligibility criteria and disqualification criteria
Identification, referral, screening, assessment and admission process
Phases, phase duration and phase transition criteria
Treatment, supervision and drug testing protocols for each phase
Formation of graduation and termination criteria
Court responses to client behavior through development of incentives and sanctions
Long-term sustainability plan that includes traditional and nontraditional funding, community mapping, resource development, evaluation and monitoring.
Information about the Clackamas County DUII Court:
DUII Court is a specialty court that provides an alternative choice to typical court processes. The DUII Court program is a multi-disciplinary team approach that involves the Judge, defense counsel, a deputy district attorney, Sheriff Office representatives, a probation officer, the Treatment Court Coordinator and one or more treatment providers. DUII Court provides intensive supervision for participants.
Individuals who face their third lifetime (non-felony) DUII conviction, Measure 73 Felony DUII or second DUII conviction with a high BAC are candidates for eligibility screening. Individuals may also be referred from the probation office. Individuals who do not have the specified conviction history but have a significant, long-standing alcohol problem, shown by a high BAC or by multiple repeated diversions may also be eligible. Individuals involved in injury accidents and some person crimes are NOT eligible. Participants must arrange for reliable transportation (bus, rides, etc) for all personal appearances in court, treatment and otherwise, since they cannot drive.
Oregon has 3 DUII Courts, and 2 Hybrid DWI Courts